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Name: Hayes v. Brown
Case #: 99-99030
Court: US Court of Appeals
District 9 Cir
Opinion Date: 03/07/2005

Hayes was charged with capital murder. James was a key witness against Hayes. Before trial, the state had made a deal with James’s attorney for dismissal of pending felony charges after his testimony. The deal was made with the attorney who was not to tell James, so James could testify honestly that there was no arrangement. The state specifically represented to the court that there was no such arrangement, and elicited sworn testimony from James that there was no deal. The appellate court reversed and remanded. The State’s actions violated Hayes’s constitutional rights by presenting false evidence to the jury. Because the constitutional error was material, reversal was required.