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Name: In re Ivey
Case #: B142777
Court: CA Court of Appeal
District 2 DCA
Division: 5
Opinion Date: 12/19/2000
Subsequent History: None

While the use of a mandatory presumption is unconstitutional in a criminal contempt proceeding, permissive inferences are a recognized evidentiary device properly used in criminal contempt proceedings. Because the family law court’s finding of knowledge of the orders imposed here was effectively a permissive inference, the finding that notice to the father’s attorneys was imputed to the father was appropriate.