Skip to content
Name: U.S. v. Crawford
Case #: 01-50633
Court: US Court of Appeals
District 9 Cir
Opinion Date: 03/05/2003
Subsequent History: 3/21/03: Opn amended by withdrawal of dissenting opn and substituted revised dissent

A parole search of a parolee’s home by officers who expected to find no evidence of a crime on the premises but conducted a search because they thought it would pressure the parolee into talking about his role in an unsolved robbery occurring two years earlier, was unreasonable under the Fourth Amendment. The Ninth Circuit took as its starting point the decision in United States v. Knights (2001) 534 U.S. 112. The court balanced the diminished privacy interests of a parolee against the government’s interest in the search to determine if it was objectively reasonable. The court rejected validating the search on the “special needs” of the parole system and concluded that a suspicionless search for law enforcement purposes has never been constitutionally authorized.