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Name: United States v. Williams
Case #: 04-10213
Court: US Court of Appeals
District 9 Cir
Opinion Date: 08/16/2005

A police officer may order a passenger who exits a vehicle during a traffic stop back into the vehicle in the interest of officer safety. Noting the intrusions on a passenger’s liberty that occur by virtue of a traffic stop, and the fact that a passenger may be ordered out of a vehicle for officer safety reasons, the court found that the minimal additional intrusion on a passenger’s liberty when he is ordered to remain in a car did not offend the Fourth Amendment. The need for officers to exercise control over individuals encountered during a traffic stop outweighs the marginal intrusion on the passenger’s liberty interest.