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Equal Protection Clause Challenge to Penal Code Section 3051

Case Name: People v. Hardin (2022) 84 Cal.App.5th 273, review granted 1/11/2023
Case #: S277487/B315434
Last Updated: January 17, 2024

Does Penal Code section 3051, subdivision (h), violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment by excluding young adults sentenced to life without the possibility of parole from youth offender parole consideration, while young adults sentenced to parole-eligible terms are entitled to such consideration?

On 10/4/2023, the California Supreme Court ordered supplemental briefing on the following issue: Whether the first step of the two-part inquiry used to evaluate equal protection claims, which asks whether two or more groups are similarly situated for the purposes of the law challenged, should be eliminated in cases concerning disparate treatment of classes or groups of persons, such that the only inquiry is whether the challenged classification is adequately justified under the applicable standard of scrutiny?

Review on this issue has also been granted with briefing deferred in:

First District

  • People v. Garcia (2022) 83 Cal.App.5th 240, review granted 1/11/2023 (S276858/A161579, A161644)
  • People v. Washington (A166126) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/13/2023 (S281298)
  • People v. Brooks (A165428) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/11/2023 (S281645)
  • People v. Clark (A165985) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/1/2023 (S281956)

Second District

  • People v. Gonzalez (B302834/B303671) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/15/2023 (S277936)
  • People v. Alvarez (B317490) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/12/2023 (S278726)
  • People v. Evans (B319762) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/17/2023 (S279335)
  • People v. Wilson (B322501) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/31/2023 (S279278)
  • People v. Buchanan (B316996) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/9/2023 (S280745)
  • People v. Alvez (B325218) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/13/2023 (S282271)
  • People v. Chappell (B325387) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/10/2024 (S282836)
  • People v. Rios (B326828) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/10/2024 (S282971)

Third District

  • People v. Etherton (C093209) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/11/2023 (S281389)

Fourth District

  • People v. Ngo (2023) 89 Cal.App.5th 116, review granted 5/17/2023 (S279458/E078723)
  • People v. Jackson (E080543) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/1/2023 (S282031)
  • People v. Palumbo (D081085) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/15/2023 (S282057)
  • People v. Salgado (E080948) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/13/2023 (S282495)
  • People v. Poncio (G061931) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/20/2023 (S282701)

Fifth District

  • People v. Bolanos (2023) 87 Cal.App.5th 1069, review granted 4/12/2023 (S278803/F082970)
  • People v. Sutton (F079285) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/19/2023 (S278770)
  • People v. Anchondo (F084372) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/9/2023 (S280692)
  • People v. Edwards (F083956) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/11/2023 (S281505)
  • People v. Parker (F085642) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/18/2023 (S281258)
  • People v. Espinoza (F084093) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/21/2023 (S282341)

Sixth District

  • People v. Bejarano (H047892) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/17/2023 (S279311)
  • People v. Cardenas (H050411) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/17/2024 (S283014)

 

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