Skip to content

SB 1437–Felony-Murder Special Circumstance Finding Precluding Eligibility for Relief

Case Name: People v. Strong (2022) 13 Cal.5th 698
Case #: S266606
Last Updated: August 8, 2022

Does a felony-murder special circumstance finding (Pen. Code, § 190.2, subd. (a)(17)) made before People v. Banks (2015) 61 Cal.4th 788 and People v. Clark (2016) 63 Cal.4th 522 preclude a defendant from making a prima facie showing of eligibility for relief under Penal Code section 1170.95?

Held: A pre-Banks/Clark felony-murder special-circumstance finding does not preclude a defendant from establishing a prima facie case for relief under Senate Bill No. 1437. In 2014, Strong was convicted of multiple offenses, including two counts of first degree murder with felony-murder special circumstances. In 2019, he filed a petition for resentencing under Penal Code section 1170.95 (now renumbered to section 1172.6) after SB 1437 limited felony murder liability. The trial court denied the petition and the Court of Appeal affirmed. The California Supreme Court granted review to resolve a split in authority in the appellate courts over whether pre-Banks/Clark felony-murder special-circumstance findings bar resentencing under SB 1437. Held: Reversed and remanded. Unlike other special circumstances, the felony-murder special circumstance applies to some defendants who neither killed nor intended to kill, namely, major participants in the underlying felony who acted with reckless indifference to human life. (Pen. Code, § 190.2, subd. (d).) Prior to SB 1437, People v. Banks (2015) 61 Cal.4th 788, provided guidance as to “what it means to be a major participant and, to a lesser extent, what it means to act with reckless indifference to human life.” People v. Clark (2016) 63 Cal.4th 522, “further refined the reckless indifference inquiry.” While “those decisions clarified the line between special circumstance murder liability and ordinary murder liability[,] they did not alter or otherwise affect the boundary conditions for murder liability itself.” However, SB 1437 codified the understanding of the major participation and reckless indifference requirements set forth in Banks and Clark when it amended section 189 and narrowed the scope of the felony-murder rule. As a result, it is “because of changes to” section 189 made by SB 1437 that a defendant with a pre-Banks/Clark finding could not be convicted of murder today. (See Pen. Code, § 1172.6, subd. (a)(3).) The court disagreed with Court of Appeal opinions reasoning section 1172.6, subdivision (a)(3), categorically bars resentencing of petitioners with pre-Banks/Clark findings. [Editor’s Note: The Supreme Court also disagreed with the Attorney General’s argument that a section 1172.6 petition is not the proper vehicle for setting a felony-murder special-circumstance finding aside (and that such findings may be set aside only on direct appeal or through a habeas corpus petition).]

The doctrine of issue preclusion does not foreclose relitigation of pre-Banks/Clark felony murder special-circumstance findings in section 1172.6 proceedings. The Attorney General argued that prior felony murder special-circumstance findings have a preclusive effect in section 1172.6 proceedings. The Supreme Court disagreed. “In general, whether a prior finding will be given conclusive effect in a later proceeding is governed by the doctrine of issue preclusion, also known as collateral estoppel.” The doctrine applies in criminal and civil proceedings. There are threshold requirements for application of this doctrine. However, even if the threshold requirements are met, one well-settled equitable exception is that “preclusion does not apply when there has been a significant change in the law since the factual findings were rendered that warrants reexamination of the issue.” Banks and Clark represent this type of significant change. Allowing relitigation of pre-Banks/Clark felony murder special-circumstance findings in some circumstances (including section 1172.6 proceedings) is not unfair to the prosecution. “For petitioners with pre-Banks/Clark findings, no judge or jury has ever found the currently required degree of culpability for a first time. Allowing reexamination of the issue under these circumstances does not permit ‘a second bite of the apple’ because the changes in the law mean there is now ‘a different apple.'” (Quoting People v. Ruiz (2020) 49 Cal.App.5th 1061, 1069.) Because Strong’s case was tried before both Banks and Clark, the special circumstance findings do not preclude him from making out a prima facie case for resentencing under section 1172.6. [Editor’s Note: The court disapproved People v. Galvan (2020) 52 Cal.App.5th 1134 and People v. Allison (2020) 55 Cal.App.5th 449 to the extent they are inconsistent with the views expressed in the Strong opinion.]

A pre-Banks/Clark finding does not preclude a defendant from establishing a prima facie case even if the trial evidence would have been sufficient to support the finding under Banks and Clark. The Attorney General argued that even if section 1172.6 allows reexamination of prior special circumstance findings, any review should be limited to determining whether the evidence sufficiently supported the finding under Banks and Clark. The Supreme Court disagreed. The differences between pre-Banks/Clark and post-Banks/Clark findings are too significant to allow such a procedure. For instance, after Banks and Clark, the arguments available to trial counsel changed dramatically, so the Banks/Clark factors may have altered what evidence the defense sought to introduce. Those factors may have altered trial strategies, including a request for additional instruction. Because a sufficiency of the evidence review of a pre-Banks/Clark record does not account for all the differences, this procedure may not be used to deny a resentencing petition at the prima facie stage. “Section 1172.6 offers resentencing for petitioners who have not been determined beyond a reasonable doubt to have the degree of culpability now required for a murder, attempted murder, or manslaughter conviction. Neither the jury’s pre-Banks and Clark findings nor a court’s later sufficiency of the evidence review amounts to the determination section 1172.6 requires, and neither set of findings supplies a basis to reject an otherwise adequate prima facie showing and deny issuance of an order to show cause.” This case was decided on 8/8/2022.

Review on this issue was also granted with briefing deferred in:

  • People v. Thompson (Dec. 16, 2020, C090225) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/10/2021 (S266517)
  • People v. Webb (Dec. 16, 2020, C089453) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/10/2021 (S266614)
  • People v. Davalos (Dec. 18, 2020, B304384) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/10/2021 (S266678)
  • People v. Miller (Dec. 1, 2020, B297558) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/10/2021 (S266447)
  • People v. Parra (Dec. 11, 2020, B299312) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/10/2021 (S266727)
  • People v. Doss (Dec. 16, 2020, B300197) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/24/2021 (S266861)
  • People v. Jones (Dec. 15, 2020, C090630) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/24/2021 (S266650)
  • People v. Reyes (Jan. 26, 2021, B304108) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/30/2021 (S266962)
  • People v. Robson (Jan. 6, 2021, C089152) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/30/2021 (S267070)
  • People v. Sauceda (Jan. 5, 2021, B301139) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/30/2021 (S267068)
  • People v. Hawkins (Jan. 29, 2021, E074686) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/14/2021 (S267365)
  • People v. Christon (Jan. 28, 2021, B301998, B306635) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/21/2021 (S267449)
  • People v. Moeum (Feb. 4, 2021, B300707) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/21/2021 (S267533)
  • People v. Carter (Feb. 11, 2021, E074159) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/21/2021 (S267700)
  • People v. McDermott (Jan. 29, 2021, B302013) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/21/2021 (S267383)
  • People v. Davis (Feb. 11, 2021, B302994) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/28/2021 (S267788)
  • People v. Harris (2021) 60 Cal.App.5th 939, review granted 4/28/2021 (S267802/B300410)
  • People v. Alexander (Mar. 12, 2021, C091618) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/26/2021 (S267736)
  • People v. Lloyd (Mar. 4, 2021, B299456) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/26/2021 (S267979)
  • People v. Paulino (Mar. 12, 2021, B298401) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/26/2021 (S268364)
  • People v. Dean (Mar. 19, 2021, E073669) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/26/2021 (S268295)
  • People v. Higgins (Mar. 12, 2021, B300888) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/26/2021 (S268361)
  • People v. Roberts (Mar. 15, 2021, E074745) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/26/2021 (S268223)
  • People v. Ross (Mar. 2, 2021, B304808) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/9/2021 (S268061)
  • People v. Chavez (Mar. 29, 2021, E074718) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/9/2021 (S268528)
  • People v. Enriquez (Mar. 29, 2021, E074943) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/9/2021 (S268508)
  • People v. Jenkins (Mar. 23, 2021, E075787) [dismissal ord.], review granted 6/9/2021 (S268195)
  • People v. McKinley (Mar. 29, 2021, E074721) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/9/2021 (S267981)
  • People v. Miner (Mar. 30, 2021, B301803) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/16/2021 (S268685)
  • People v. Secrease (2021) 63 Cal.App.5th 231, review granted 6/30/2021 (S268862/A158342)
  • People v. Reese (Apr. 30, 2021, B301473) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/14/2021 (S269236)
  • People v. Lampkin (May 30, 2021, C089258) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/14/2021 (S269040)
  • People v. Pierson (May 10, 2021, E074662) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/21/2021 (S269434)
  • People v. Varela (May 18, 2021, E075562) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/28/2021 (S268842)
  • People v. Durbin (May 24, 2021, B305999) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/28/2021 (S269488)
  • People v. McKenzie (May 20, 2021, B305393) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/28/2021 (S269217)
  • People v. Dunson (May 27, 2021, E074818) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/11/2021 (S269645)
  • People v. Mathis (June 4, 2021, E074933) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/11/2021 (S269676)
  • People v. Purcell (May 27, 2021, B307038) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/11/2021 (S269540)
  • People v. Solano (June 10, 2021, B303993) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/18/2021 (S269793)
  • People v. Torkelson (June 9, 2021, D078237) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/18/2021 (S269769)
  • People v. Gonzalez (2021) 65 Cal.App.5th 420, review granted 8/18/2021 (S269792/G057502)
  • In re Coles (June 16, 2021, F079172) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/25/2021 (S269973)
  • In re Contreras (June 16, 2021, F078975) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/25/2021 (S270036)
  • People v. Harris (June 16, 2021, F079745) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/25/2021 (S269852)
  • People v. Jones (June 9, 2021, C089456) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/25/2021 (S269563)
  • People v. Siqueros (June 15, 2021, B305887) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 8/25/2021 (S270024)
  • People v. Flores (June 25, 2021, B308289) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/1/2021 (S270041)
  • People v. Maraglino (June 24, 2021, D077746) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/1/2021 (S270039)
  • People v. Perez (June 16, 2021, F079351) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/1/2021 (S270034)
  • People v. Simmons (2021) 65 Cal.App.5th 739, review granted 9/1/2021 (S270048/F079610)
  • People v. Allen (June 21, 2021, B306227) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/15/2021 (S270002)
  • People v. Bishop (July 1, 2021, E075148) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/15/2021 (S270191)
  • People v. Bobo (June 24, 2021, B305298) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/15/2021 (S270181)
  • People v. Cervantes (June 29, 2021, B304428) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/15/2021 (S270208)
  • People v. Fierro (July 13, 2021, E074545) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/15/2021 (S270325)
  • People v. Gardner (June 22, 2021, B304947) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/15/2021 (S270149)
  • People v. Portillo (June 29, 2021, B298967) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/15/2021 (S270280)
  • People v. Robinson (July 8, 2021, A158229) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/15/2021 (S270308)
  • People v. Trout (June 30, 2021, E074623) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/15/2021 (S269768)
  • People v. Carter (July 12, 2021, D078024) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/22/2021 (S270490)
  • People v. Martinez-Costa (July 12, 2021, C089499) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/22/2021 (S270385)
  • People v. Parker (July 15, 2021, E074742) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/22/2021 (S270407)
  • People v. Arias (2021) 66 Cal.App.5th 987, review granted 9/29/2021 (S270555/D077778)
  • People v. Pineda (2021) 66 Cal.App.5th 792, review granted 9/29/2021 (S270513/H047709)
  • People v. Zuniga (July 21, 2021, B306037) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 9/29/2021 (S270348)
  • People v. Bloxton (July 29, 2021, B307556) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/13/2021 (S270612)
  • People v. Brightmon (July 19, 2021, E074478) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/13/2021 (S270642)
  • People v. Carrera (July 28, 2021, C091533) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/13/2021 (S270523)
  • People v. Dyer (Aug. 4, 2021, F079609) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/13/2021 (S270620)
  • People v. Henry (July 26, 2021, C091428) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/13/2021 (S270643)
  • People v. Larrea (July 30, 2021, F081268) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/13/2021 (S270629)
  • People v. Ramos (Aug. 2, 2021, B304575) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/13/2021 (S270816)
  • People v. Chavez (July 21, 2021, B304341) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/13/2021 (S270558)
  • People v. Medina (Aug. 16, 2021, C091206) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/20/2021 (S270899)
  • People v. Davis (Aug. 17, 2021, E074748) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/27/2021 (S270932)
  • People v. Dickson (Aug. 12, 2021, C091152) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/27/2021 (S270971)
  • People v. Santos (Aug. 16, 2021, B306738) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 10/27/2021 (S270979)
  • People v. Blocker (Aug. 30, 2021, B309642) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/10/2021 (S271141)
  • People v. Flowers (Sept. 1, 2021, B301439) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/10/2021 (S271205)
  • People v. Gallow (Aug. 26, 2021, B300252) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/10/2021 (S271211)
  • People v Maurtua (Aug. 18, 2021, B301104) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/10/2021 (S271073)
  • People v. Myers (Aug. 31, 2021, B306667) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/10/2021 (S271142)
  • People v. Robinson (Sept. 9, 2021, C091744) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/17/2021 (S271109)
  • People v. Session (Sept. 8, 2021, E075808) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/17/2021 (S271219)
  • People v. Ortega (Nov. 23, 2021, F080017) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 11/23/2021 (S271437)
  • People v. Davis (Sept. 27, 2021, B306417) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/1/2021 (S271524)
  • People v. Martin (Sept. 27, 2021, C091375) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/1/2021 (S271264)
  • People v. Mency (Sept. 16, 2021, B301966) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/1/2021 (S271453)
  • People v. Mendoza (Sept. 22, 2021, H047430) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/1/2021 (S271444)
  • People v. Bludworth (Oct. 5, 2021, C091249) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/15/2021 (S271568)
  • People v. Diaz (Oct. 1, 2021, E076440) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/15/2021 (S271698)
  • People v. Flemmings (Sept. 28, 2021, C092553) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/15/2021 (S271591)
  • People v. Myles (Sept. 23, 2021, E076505) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/15/2021 (S271547)
  • People v. Wright (Sept. 28, 2021, C091633) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/15/2021 (S271574)
  • People v. Berry (Oct. 6, 2021, B303420) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/22/2021 (S271799)
  • People v. Courtney (Oct. 12, 2021, C091706) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/22/2021 (S271789)
  • People v. Dixon (Oct. 13, 2021, C092798) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/22/2021 (S271783)
  • People v. Espinoza (Oct. 13, 2021, B307453) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/22/2021 (S271879)
  • People v. Perucci (Sept. 29, 2021, B309174) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/22/2021 (S271612)
  • People v. Wilson (2021) 69 Cal.App.5th 665, review granted 12/22/2021 (S271604/D078231)
  • People v. Yuriar (Oct. 19, 2021, B305575) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/22/2021 (S271871)
  • People v. Jackson (Oct. 21, 2021, F081570) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 12/29/2021 (S271432)
  • People v. Bridges (Oct. 18, 2021, B308894) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/5/2022 (S271922)
  • People v. Marin (Oct. 28, 2021, B308620) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/5/2022 (S271887)
  • People v. Miller (Oct. 25, 2021, E076569) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/5/2022 (S272070)
  • People v. Mitchell (Oct. 20, 2021, F081153) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/5/2022 (S271888)
  • People v. Avila (Nov. 5, 2021, C092546) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/19/2022 (S271812)
  • People v. Mendez (Nov. 15, 2021, F081193) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/19/2022 (S272231)
  • People v. Mendoza (Nov. 1, 2021, C089455) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/19/2022 (S272079)
  • People v. Reynoso (Nov. 5, 2021, C093085) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/19/2022 (S272114)
  • People v. Thomas (Nov. 2, 2021, D078289) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/19/2022 (S272196)
  • People v. Hernandez (Nov. 19, 2021, F081137) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/26/2022 (S272245)
  • People v. Probus (Nov. 12, 2021, E072780) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 1/26/2022 (S272391)
  • People v. Berry (Nov. 22, 2021, B307146) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/9/2022 (S272412)
  • People v. Crecy (Dec. 1, 2021, A161419) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/9/2022 (S272491)
  • People v. Elias (Dec. 1, 2021, D078137) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/9/2022 (S272576)
  • People v. Milbry (Dec. 3, 2021, E075830) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/9/2022 (S272581)
  • People v. Price (2021) 71 Cal.App.5th 1128, review granted 2/9/2022 (S272572/A159439)
  • People v. Whitehead (Dec. 6, 2021, C093261) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/9/2022 (S272578)
  • People v. Zuniga (Nov. 22, 2021, E074958) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/9/2022 (S272501)
  • People v. Ellis (Dec. 13, 2021, C092613) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/16/2022 (S272417)
  • People v. Leggett (Dec. 8, 2021, D079060) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/16/2022 (S272692)
  • People v. Vega (Dec. 8, 2021, B308245) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/16/2022 (S272701)
  • People v. Wilson (Dec. 6, 2021, C092385) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/16/2022 (S272617)
  • People v. Barnes (Dec. 20, 2021, E076618) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/23/2022 (S272777)
  • People v. Daniels (Dec. 16, 2021, B308995) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/23/2022 (S272768)
  • People v. Rangel (Dec. 17, 2021, B311083) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/23/2022 (S272493)
  • People v. Reed (Dec. 15, 2021, C093055) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/23/2022 (S272761)
  • People v. Sheard (Dec. 13, 2021, B308523) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/23/2022 (S272770)
  • People v. Talmadge (Dec. 13, 2021, B310726) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 2/23/2022 (S272778)
  • People v. Bernal (Dec. 30, 2021, D078324) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/9/2022 (S272998)
  • People v. McDaniel (Dec. 17, 2021, C092707) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/9/2022 (S272828)
  • People v. McPherson (Jan. 4, 2022, C093340) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/9/2022 (S272966)
  • People v. Nunez-Sharp (Dec. 23, 2021, B308390) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/9/2022 (S272637)
  • People v. Ting (Dec. 22, 2021, B311125) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/9/2022 (S272790)
  • People v. Valle (Dec. 20, 2021, A162298) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/9/2022 (S272930)
  • People v. Collins (Jan. 6, 2022, C093043) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/16/2022 (S272979)
  • People v. Wallace (Jan. 4, 2022, C092426) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/16/2022 (S273024)
  • People v. Harper (Jan. 14, 2022, E074670) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/23/2022 (S273175)
  • People v. Mejorado (2022) 73 Cal.App.5th 562, review granted 3/23/2022 (S273159/B308926)
  • People v. Rios (Jan. 6, 2022, B310532) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/23/2022 (S273138)
  • People v. Felix (Jan. 20, 2022, D078931) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/30/2022 (S273283)
  • People v. Howard (Jan. 18, 2022, E076084) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 3/30/2022 (S273357)
  • People v. Abernathy (Feb. 7, 2022, C092495) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/13/2022 (S273297)
  • People v. Allen (Jan. 28, 2022, F081607) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/13/2022 (S273398)
  • People v. Garcia (Feb. 4, 2022, B308824) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/13/2022 (S273428)
  • People v. Johnson (Feb. 7, 2022, B310328) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/13/2022 (S273513)
  • People v. Pierce (Feb. 1, 2022, C093003) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/13/2022 (S273403)
  • People v. Reynolds (Feb. 7, 2022, G059799) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/13/2022 (S273529)
  • People v. Richardson (Jan. 28, 2022, B308673) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/13/2022 (S273249)
  • People v. Ortega (Feb. 9, 2022, B308609) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/20/2022 (S273451)
  • People v. Brittain (Feb. 16, 2022, D078233) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/27/2022 (S273731)
  • People v. Hundley (Feb. 14, 2022, C092618) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/27/2022 (S273685)
  • People v. Jennings (Feb. 17, 2022, H049043) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/27/2022 (S273750)
  • People v. Nicholas (Feb. 9, 2022, C091668) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/27/2022 (S273690)
  • People v. Shorter (Feb. 10, 2022, C092368) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 4/27/2022 (S273710)
  • In re Adcock (Feb. 4, 2022, C089547, C089581) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273486)
  • In re Adcock (C089547, C089581) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273486)
  • People v. Cross (E074380) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273847)
  • People v. Ervin (B309740) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273782)
  • People v. Garcia (B307896) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273715)
  • People v. Machuca (B305830) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273811)
  • People v. Orozco (B306916) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273916)
  • People v. Santana (B299353) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273918)
  • People v. Sison (D078552) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273898)
  • People v. Williams (B303054, B307686) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/11/2022 (S273835)
  • People v. Epps (D079593) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/18/2022 (S274064)
  • People v. Pereles (H049218) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/18/2022 (S273996)
  • People v. Rembert (G059690) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/18/2022 (S274013)
  • People v. Rosales (H048876) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 5/18/2022 (S274030)
  • People v. Carstarphen (B309405) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/1/2022 (S274186)
  • People v. DelCambre (B308999) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/1/2022 (S274159)
  • People v. Drummer (H048576) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/1/2022 (S274156)
  • People v. Garcia (C093543) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/1/2022 (S274308)
  • People v. Smith (D078320) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/1/2022 (S274250)
  • People v. Barragan (C093651) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/15/2022 (S274350)
  • People v. Ketsouvannasane (E076512) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/15/2022 (S274237)
  • People v. Martinez (C093077) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/15/2022 (S274017)
  • People v. Mello (E077039) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/15/2022 (S274207)
  • People v. Miller (H048932) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/15/2022 (S274509)
  • People v. Wilson (A161420) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/22/2022 (S274371)
  • People v. Cooper (D078345) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/29/2022 (S274390)
  • People v. Faulalo (C094142) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/29/2022 (S274660)
  • People v. Mabson (C093654) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/29/2022 (S274681)
  • People v. Taylor (B312057) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/29/2022 (S274614)
  • People v. Washington (C092937) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 6/29/2022 (S274679)
  • People v. Barragan (B308259) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/13/2022 (S274905)
  • People v. Hearn (F081651) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/13/2022 (S274615)
  • People v. Hunter (G060174) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/13/22 (S274812)
  • People v. Richson (B307055) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/13/2022 (S274417)
  • People v. Wickham (F080934) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/13/2022 (S274937)
  • People v. Belmonte (F080443) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/20/2022 (S275009)
  • People v. Camacho (B312190) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/20/2022 (S275097)
  • People v. Estrada (B312352) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/20/2022 (S275060)
  • People v. Guzman (F081436) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/20/2022 (S274634)
  • People v. Juarez (F083314) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/27/2022 (S274895)
  • People v. Zepeda (G059826) [nonpub. opn.], review granted 7/27/2022 (S275198)

Updated: 8/8/2022

Link to Article