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Name: People v. Felix (2024) 100 Cal.App.5th 439
Case #: B317938
Court: CA Court of Appeal
District 2 DCA
Division: 8
Opinion Date: 03/07/2024
Subsequent History: Opn. modified 3/12/2024

Defendant, who was a foreign national driving a car that belonged to a third party, was lawfully detained while an officer made further inquiries of the dispatcher performing the records check for defendant and the owner of the vehicle. Following a valid traffic stop in Utah, Felix provided an officer with an identification card from Mexico and vehicle registration in the name of a third party from California. He was detained approximately 12 minutes while the officer performed a records check and asked dispatch for additional information. The officer then obtained consent to search the vehicle just prior to dispatch…

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Name: Samia v. United States (2023) __ U.S. __ [143 S.Ct. 2004]
Case #: 22-196
Court: US Supreme Court
Opinion Date: 06/23/2023

Majority opinion: Justice Thomas delivered the opinion of the court, in which Chief Justice Roberts, and Justices Alito, Gorsuch, and Kavanaugh joined.
Concurring opinion: Justice Barrett joined the majority opinion in part and filed a separate opinion concurring in part and concurring in the judgment.
Dissenting opinions: Justice Kagan filed a dissenting opinion, in which Justices Sotomayor and Jackson joined. Justice Jackson also filed a dissenting opinion.

The confrontation clause does not bar the admission of a nontestifying codefendant’s confession where (1) the confession has been modified to avoid directly identifying the codefendant and (2) the court offers a limiting instruction.

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Name: In re Matthew W.
Case #: A159931
Court: CA Court of Appeal
District 1 DCA
Division: 2
Opinion Date: 07/08/2021

Juvenile court erred in admitting pre-arrest statements under Miranda v. Arizona (1966) 384 U.S. 326, where police created a coercive atmosphere in minor's home such that a reasonable 17-year-old would have experienced a restraint tantamount to arrest. Following the stabbing of a person around midnight, five armed and uniformed police arrived at 17-year-old minor's home at around 6:00 a.m. Three officers entered the home with the mother's permission, but denied her request to be present during questioning. No Miranda advisements were given. The juvenile court sustained the allegation that minor committed assault with a deadly weapon and personally inflicted great…

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Name: People v. Lopez
Case #: B305783
Court: CA Court of Appeal
District 2 DCA
Division: 7
Opinion Date: 06/14/2021

The trial court abused its discretion in concealing the names of prospective jurors from counsel, but the error was harmless. Lopez was charged with murder (Pen. Code, § 187, subd. (a)) and gross vehicular manslaughter (§ 191.5, subd. (a)) for crashing into a parked car while driving under the influence of alcohol and killing the sole occupant. During voir dire, the trial court withheld from the attorneys the names of prospective jurors, identifying them only by their badge number, out of a concern the attorneys or a member of the public or press would obtain additional information about the jurors…

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Name: People v. Henderson
Case #: S098318
Court: CA Supreme Court
District CalSup
Opinion Date: 07/30/2020

Opinion By: Justice Corrigan (unanimous decision)
Trial court prejudicially erred by admitting defendant's statements to police after his clear request for counsel, following his initial waiver of his Miranda rights. Defendant was convicted of first degree murder with special circumstances, premeditated attempted murder, other offenses, enhancements, and priors. He received a death sentence. Defendant unsuccessfully moved to exclude his statements to police from evidence at the preliminary hearing and his trial. The trial court found that defendant validly waived his Miranda rights and did not thereafter unambiguously invoke his right to counsel. On review, defendant challenged the admission of…

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Name: People v. Cooper
Case #: B286201
District 2 DCA
Division: 3
Opinion Date: 07/18/2019

Although in-custody suspect was not given Miranda warnings, suppression of her volunteered statements during field sobriety tests was not required; but Miranda warnings were required before suspect's response to Romberg test. Cooper crashed her vehicle into another at a high speed. When the police arrived 10 minutes later, Cooper's eyes were red and watery, she smelled like alcohol, her speech was slurred, she was stumbling, and she was unable to walk straight. She became upset, uncooperative, and began walking around. For safety reasons, an officer decided to take Cooper to the police station to conduct field sobriety tests. In the…

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Name: People v. Orozco
Case #: B288942
Court: CA Court of Appeal
District 2 DCA
Division: 2
Opinion Date: 02/28/2019

Invocation of the Miranda right to counsel does not preclude admission of a confession made to a person defendant is unaware is functioning as an agent of law enforcement. Orozco struck his daughter so hard that he killed her. Orozco voluntarily accompanied officers to the police station but maintained his innocence. Orozco invoked his Miranda right to counsel at least five times. Several hours later, officers allowed Orozco's girlfriend, the baby's mother, to meet with Orozco in an interview room, directing her to get a full explanation. Orozco admitted that he hit and killed their baby. This confession was played…

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Name: People v. Johnson
Case #: D071011
Court: CA Court of Appeal
District 4 DCA
Division: 1
Opinion Date: 02/05/2019

Trial court's failure to instruct the jury on second degree murder or voluntary manslaughter was not error because the evidence did not support these instructions. Johnson and Guthrie committed a "hit" on Canady in a barber shop, allegedly ordered by a drug kingpin named Grant. Johnson was convicted of first degree murder and a personal gun use enhancement was found true. Guthrie was also convicted of first degree murder and a serious felony prior was found true. A strike prior was found true as to each defendant. On appeal, Johnson challenged the trial court's failure to instruct the jury on…

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Name: People v. Delgado
Case #: C082480
Court: CA Court of Appeal
District 3 DCA
Opinion Date: 10/01/2018

In murder prosecution, trial court erred by not excluding defendant's un-Mirandized inculpatory statements, but the error was harmless because of defendant's voluntary post-Miranda confession. Delgado was found guilty of two counts of special circumstance murder after he confessed to shooting two people in the middle of a drug deal. On appeal, he argued his inculpatory statements to police should have been excluded because he was questioned in violation of Miranda v. Arizona (1969) 396 U.S. 868, and his post-Miranda statements were tainted by the procedures employed by detectives. Held: Affirmed on this point. In Missouri v. Seibert (2004) 542 U.S.…

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Name: People v. Almeda
Case #: C077141
Court: CA Court of Appeal
District 3 DCA
Opinion Date: 01/12/2017

Admission of cellmate's testimony relating defendant's incriminating statements did not violate his Sixth Amendment right to counsel because the cellmate was not acting under the government's direction. Villa and Almeda were charged with first degree murder for shooting a man parked in the car next to them at a stoplight. While in custody awaiting trial, Villa discussed details of the crime with his cellmate, Rhodes, who in turn reached out to the district attorney to offer Villa's statements in exchange for leniency for his own sentence. Rhodes, his attorney, and the prosecutor signed an agreement stating that the prosecution would…

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